In this region, Fiji and Australia have reported improvements in nutrient status among the population due to wheat flour fortification.
In Fiji, the prevalence of iron, folate and zinc deficiency significantly reduced after wheat flour was fortified, according to a 2010 report from the National Food and Nutrition Centre. The most change was in the prevalence of zinc deficiency which dropped from 39.3% before fortification to 0% after fortification. Also, anemia in women of child bearing age improved from 40.3% before fortification to 27.6% after fortification.
In Australia, wheat flour fortification led to a 77% reduction in the prevalence of low serum folate levels, according to a 2011 study.
Rice is the main cereal grain consumed in many of these countries. See a list of rice fortification resources here. Rice is frequently imported by countries in this region as well. See this worksheet to help determine if requiring fortification of rice imports is feasible.
Fuel and food prices, growing populations, and increasing urbanization are changing the diets of people throughout this region. These changing patterns very often result in vitamin and mineral deficiencies as less land is available for local production of fruits and vegetables. Fortifying staple foods has the potential to impact millions of people here.