A significant milestone in India took place in October 2016 when the Food Safety Standards Authority of India published draft standards for food fortification. The draft for wheat flour fortification is in line with global fortification recommendations  for iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid. In May 2017, India recognized food fortification early adopters.

Momentum for wheat flour fortification is building in Haryana State as multiple international partners work with state leaders to consider options. Based on an analysis of the wheat flour supply chain in Haryana, it appears that fortifying atta flour for the mid-day meal, infant child development, and public distribution systems could have a significant health impact. See this example of media coverage of FFI meetings with Haryana leaders in January 2016.

In 2000, the Darjeeling district of West Bengal became the first place in India to fortify wheat flour. Now we estimate that 7.6% of the industrially milled wheat flour in India is fortified.

Flour fortification is supported by the government of India, several state governments and their ministries and departments dealing with cereal grains and food distribution. Active involvement of international agencies, national health and nutrition research institutions, and flour milling professionals have contributed toward wheat flour fortification.

Most fortified flour in India is distributed in the government’s welfare system. We are working with public, private, and civic sector partners to expand fortification to all types of flour in the open market and to expand coverage to all states.

The amount of rice and wheat in India's food supply is almost equivalent, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. In 2011, the most recent year for which data are available, the amount of milled rice in the national food supply was 196 grams per person per day; the amount of wheat was 161 grams per person per day. Fortified rice is available through social safety net programs in the states of Odisha and Karnataka.

Fortification Legislation Status by Country and Grain

Click on any of the column headings to sort the list by Country, Wheat Flour, Maize Flour, or Rice.

Country Wheat Flour Maize Flour Rice
India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Andhra Pradesh)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Andhra Pradesh)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Arunachal Pradesh)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Assam)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Bihar)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Chandigarh)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Chhattisgarh)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Dadra and Nagar Haveli)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Daman and Diu)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Goa)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Gujarat)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Haryana)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Himachal Pradesh)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Jammu and Kashmir)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Jharkhand)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Jharkhand)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Karnataka)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Kerala)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Lakshadweep)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Madhya Pradesh)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Maharashtra)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Manipur)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Meghalaya)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Mizoram)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Nagaland)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Orissa)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Puducherry)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Punjab)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Punjab)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Rajasthan)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Sikkim)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Tamil Nadu)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Telangana)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (The Government of NCT of Delhi)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (The Government of NCT of Delhi)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Tripura)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Uttar Pradesh)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (Uttarakhand)Voluntary--Voluntary
India (West Bengal)Voluntary--Voluntary

India - Fortification Status

Our definition of the legislative status is:

  • Mandatory: Legislation that has the effect of mandating fortification of one or more types of wheat or maize flour or rice with at least iron or folic acid.
  • Voluntary: Country or state has standard for fortification, but fortification is not mandatory.
  • Dashes in the table below indicate that no information is available. Please send information to

Most fortification mandates address only the most commonly consumed grain in the country. The amount of wheat and rice available in each state in India is not available from the Food and Agriculture Organization. Click on the India state name in the table above to see the limited data that is available.



IF and SBF 28th International Conference on Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus

10 August 2018

National Consultation on Wheat Flour Fortification

11 August 2015

2nd International Workshop on Micronutrients and Child Health

03 November 2014

Uttarakhand State Consultation

06 August 2011

FFI Director Sees Fortification Progress in India

07 February 2011


2017 Annual Report
21 March 2018

Pawan Agarwal, Chief Executive Officer, Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) #FFI5
05 December 2017

Fortification for the Poorest of the Urban Poor
06 June 2017

2016 Year in Review
02 April 2017

Flour Fortification Resulted in 35,500 Healthier Babies Last Year
15 July 2016

Regional Resources

India's "Journey of Food Fortification: Fighting Malnutrition, Improving Lives"

Commodity India interviews Dr. Helena Pachón about fortifying wheat flour and rice in India.

Systematic review shows birth prevalence of neural tube defects in India to be 4.1 per 1000