Implement Flour and Rice Fortification Effectively

A key to effective implementation is to engage millers at the beginning of the country’s fortification discussions. Industry leaders can help ensure that recommended standards will be feasible to implement. National milling associations can be instrumental in implementing national scale fortification and making sure that the effort is sustainable. 

Establishing processes for quality control is also an important part of effective implementation. See “Monitoring for Quality and Impact” for more information.

To add vitamins and minerals to industrially milled wheat or maize flour, millers use the same technical process they use to add ingredients to improve dough handling or increase shelf life. Consequently modern millers are familiar with the equipment and expertise needed for fortification.

For wheat and maize flour, the Flour Millers’ Tool Kit offers guideance for:

For rice, the first step is securing fortified rice kernels through extrusion or coating technology. The fortified kernels are then blended with unfortified rice at specific ratios to be packaged for consumers. If rice is not washed before cooking or is not cooked in excess water, then a dusting technology is available. See a technical manual.

When fortification is mandatory, marketing may not be necessary. Some countries, however, include consumer education or social marketing in their communications plan.

We focus on fortification in industrial mills. See other resources for fortification in small mills.

For more information on fortification in industrial mills, contact us at

FFI provides technical assistance to countries implementing flour or rice fortification. See how to donate to FFI for this work.

Top Photo Credit: WFP/Aditya Arya

Download the Flour Millers Toolkit

Download the 2016 Toolkit in Power Point formats so you can read comments in the notes sections.

Complete Toolkit


  1. Introduction to Health Benefits
  2. Procuring Premix
  3. Mill Set-up
  4. System Operations
  5. Assuring Quality Control
  6. Marketing

An older version of the Toolkit is available in:

  1. Arabic
  2. Chinese
  3. French
  4. Russian