Maize Fortification Strategy Meeting for Africa
03 October 2016 - 07 October 2016
Location: Double Tree Hilton Hotel, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
Though maize is the primary cereal consumed in many countries in Africa, less than 30% of the industrially milled maize on the continent is fortified. The map at right indicates the countries with mandatory maize fortification legislation in October 2016.
'Industrial mills' have been defined as those with a capacity of at least 20 metric tons (MT) a day. With maize, this needs to be clarified based on the official status of whether mills are registered with national regulatory bodies. Also, millers which buy grain and package flour in their own bags for resale are clearly different than millers which process maize that people bring to them for milling. The later operations, sometimes called toll mills or fee-for-service mills, were not within the scope of this meeting.
The meeting started with a presentation scoping study of the existing maize production and fortification in Africa. This led to a discussion of opportunities and challenges, and ultimately an Africa Maize Fortification Strategy for 2017-2026.
Meeting participants also visited large and small-scale maize milling facilities, taste-tested porridge that had been made with fortified flour, and saw a demonstration of a test that can be used for internal monitoring of the fortification program.
We appreciate the Manzese/Tandale Maize Millers and Processors Association as well as Basic Elements Co., in Dar es Salaam for making the field trips informative and interesting.
Also, we gratefully acknowledge the support of the World Health Organization in providing nutritional information regarding maize fortification.
The meeting was organized by Smarter Futures, a partnership that includes the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, AkzoNobel, the Food Fortification Initiative, Helen Keller International (HKI) and the International Federation for Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus (IF). The government of Tanzania graciously served as the host.
Participants represented National Fortification Alliances, maize millers, Bureaus of Standards and regulatory bodies, regional economic/health bodies, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, donors, premix suppliers, and industry partners which provide premix, internal monitoring technology, and equipment for large- and small-scale milling.
Participants were from 14 countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. They also provided information about the milling practices and industry structure in their countries.
See the participant list.
See more event photos here.
- "Maize Scoping Study: Key Findings" by Dr. Enzama Wilson
- "Tanzania/Uganda FACT Summary & Recommendations" by GAIN
- Mozambique opportunities and challenges
- Opportunities and challenges in Benin, Burkina Faso, and Togo
- "Maize flour fortification in Africa: markets, feasibility, coverage, and costs" by Afidra O. Ronald
- "Maize Milling structure: National and Regional levels" by Dr. Enzama Wilson
- "Maize Flour Fortification Landscape in Kenya" by Joyce Atinda
- Uganda Maize Milling Structure
- "Food Fortification Regulation in Rwanda" by Moses Ndayisenga
- "Presentation on the Milling Structure in Zambia" by Andrew Chintala
- Zimbabwe Maize Milling Industry Structure
- Maize Milling Structure in Malawi
- "Maize Milling in Mozambique" by E. Mongoi, B. Mariquele, M. de Sousa, A. Issufo, V. Duvane, and O. Neto
- Namibia: Maize Milling Industry Structure
- Namibia: Staple Foods Fortification
- "Maize Milling Industry Structure: South Africa" by Gerda van Schalkwyk and Wayne Rosewell
- "Maize Milling Industry of Benin Socia - Benin S.A." by Firmin Loko
- "Maize Milling Structure: Togo/West Africa" by Albert K.M. Tchamdja
- "Maize Milling Structure: Burkina Faso/West Africa" by Zaoro Touaroro
- "Maize Milling Technologies: Small, Medium, and Large Scale Mills" by Quentin Johnson
- "Maize Fortification Technologies: Methodologies; Feeders" by Philip Randall and Quentin Johnson
- "Buhler Maize Process and Fortification" by Walter von Reding
- Sanku Fortification
- "Premix for Fortification" by Quentin Johnson
- "Maize Fortification - QA/QC at the Mill" by Philip Randall and Quentin Johnson
- "Fortification of maize flour and corn meal with vitamins and minerals in public health" by Maria Nieves Garcia-Casal
- "Technical considerations for maize flour and corn meal fortification in public health: a joint consultation" by Maria Nieves Garcia-Casal
- "Maize fortification: Update on organoleptic studies of various types of maize flours and cooked maize porridges" by F. Van Bockstaele, P. Randall, Q. Johnson, and A. Verster
- "Partners of the international milling industry - 'We make good flours even better!" by Marvin Jaeger and Annette Buter
- "A short introduction to the World Human Nutrition & Health" by Peter Wathigo
- Meet Akzo Nobel
- Rwanda maize flour standard
- UEMOA maize flour standard (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'ivoire, Guinee-Bisseau, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo)
- Malawi maize flour standard
- Tanzania maize flour standard
- Kenya maize flour standard
- Mozambique maize flour standard
- South Africa maize flour standard
- South Africa proposed maize standard
- East Africa community maize flour standard
- "Monitoring Fortification: Tanzania's Online Data Centralizing System" by George Kaishozi and Erin Smith
- Roadmap and Timeframe: Rwanda-Burundi
- Malawi Maize Fortification Road Map
- Roadmap, Timeframe, and Recommendations: Mozambique
- Namibia Road Map: Maize Fortification
- Maize Fortification Strategy for National Implementation: Kenya
- South Africa Road Map
- Tanzania Road Map
- "Developing the Roadmap: Togo, Benin, Burkina Faso...UEMOA Zone" by T. Zaoro, F. Loko, and K.M. Albert Tchamdja
- Road Map for Uganda: Maize Fortification 2016-2023
- Zambia - Road Map for Maize Flour Fortification
- "Zimbabwe Country Roadmap" by B.K. Samende, A. Chigumira, A. Pagiwa, D. Taruwanza, V. Zindoga