Quality Assurance / Quality Control Training
12 May 2014 - 15 May 2014
Location: Federation des Minotiers at the Institut de Formation, Casablanca, Morocco
Staple food fortification is recognized as an effective way to address vitamin and mineral deficiencies as part of a comprehensive national nutrition program. However, an effective fortification program must be consistently implemented and properly controlled.
A key component of successful food fortification programs is monitoring done by the private and public sectors to produce quality fortified food. Common weaknesses include a lack of clarity on roles and responsibilities between industry and government agencies in quality assurance and quality control. Other problems are often lack of resources for regulatory monitoring, poorly established or badly designed monitoring protocols and systems, and insufficient qualified laboratory resources and expertise to test product samples.
This workshop focused on wheat flour fortification. A key benefit to the meeting was that both milling leaders and food control personnel from the government received the same technical training. Both groups having the same understanding about roles and responsibilities can accelerate fortification's implementation and improve efficiency.
The workshop included lectures, discussion groups, and laboratory demonstrations. In addition a field trip was made to a large flour mill in Casablanca to see flour fortification being carried out and controlled in actual practice.
Training was based on Guidelines on Food Fortification with Micronutrients published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Other resources used were Strengthening National Food Control Systems: A Quick Guide to Assess Capacity Building Needs, published by FAO, and Assuring Food Safety and Quality Guideline for Strengthening Food Control Systems, published by WHO and FAO.
Regulatory monitoring systems for fortified foods are based on national legislation, regulations and standards which establish requirements for foods and the expected roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders. As such, this workshop for training both government and milling industry personnel on quality assurance and quality control was a logical follow-up to the FFI/WHO/WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Harmonization workshop held in Amman, Jordan, in 2011.
Participants representing both public sector agencies and the flour milling industries attended from the following countries: Afghanistan, Algeria, Benin, Burundi, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Mali, Morocco, Pakistan, Senegal, Sudan, Togo, and Tunisia.
See the full participant list.
- Consequences of micronutrient deficiencies - Ayoub Al-Jawaldeh
- Folic acid and neural tube defects: What do we actually prevent? - Lieven Bauwens
- Introduction to World Health Organization recommendations on wheat and maize flour fortification - Ayoub Al Jawaldeh
- Wheat flour fortification in Iraq - presented by the Nutrition Research Institute
- Economic consequences of deficiencies and potential economic benefit of fortification - Quentin Johnson
- Flour fortification overview - global and regional update - Quentin Johnson
- Rationale for fortifying in the region - FFI's Africa strategy - Ronald Afidra
- Food fortification legislation and standards - Philip Randall
- Monitoring and evaluation system for food fortification programs - Ayoub Al-Jawaldeh
- Quality assurance principles and practices at the mill - Philip Randall
- Millers best practices - Quentin Johnson
- National food control systems - clinical assays - Philip Randall
- The role of Codex Alimentarius in food control and food safety and its implications for fortified flours - Ayoub Al Jawaldeh
- Laboratory requirement for external monitoring - Philip Randall
- National food control systems: Opportunities and Constraints - Philip Randall
- Review of baking trials on flour fortified with vitamins and minerals - Philip Randall
- Review of current systems for production and distribution and needs analysis at the mill level - Quentin Johnson
- Standards and technical regulations definitions and development: Status of regulations in participating countries since the Amman meeting - Philip Randall
- Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) - Louis C. Laleye
The Smarter Futures partnership, the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office, and the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN). The workshop was hosted by the Federation des Minotiers at the Institut de Formation (IFIM) in Casablanca and included a day of training at the mill.
The Smarter Futures partnership includes the Food Fortification Initiative (FFI; formerly the Flour Fortification Initiative), The International Federation for Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus (IFSBH), AkzoNobel, and Helen Keller International (HKI) with co-financing from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands.