Africa: What We Do

Photo: Anouk Delafortrie/EC/ECHO


FFI currently supports 11 countries in Africa to develop and expand wheat flour, maize flour, and rice fortification strategies. We provide expertise to governments, food producers, civic groups, and others through sustained technical assistance and innovative trainings on promoting, planning, implementing, and monitoring fortification.

 We also work closely with regional bodies such as the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) (representing 16 countries in southern Africa) and the East, Central, and Southern Africa Health Community (ECSA-HC) (representing nine countries across east, central and southern Africa).

Working regionally is an effective way to boost our impact. Regional guidance helps provide political buy-in and backing for national fortification efforts and provides countries with a strong starting point for their own national programs. FFI has a long history of working with these regional bodies.












South Africa



FFI in action

One of FFI’s innovative approaches to ensure high-quality fortified foods are available in Africa is a grassroots Pull Strategy that engages consumer and civic society groups in commercial monitoring and advocacy. With pilot implementation projects in Malawi and Uganda, we have provided local advocates with the technical assistance and coordination they need to ensure adequately fortified foods are available on the market. This approach is particularly useful when national efforts to obtain quality information through government regulatory inspectors are constrained. This self-sustainable approach enables local advocates to build evidence-based recommendations that governments and food producers can use to improve adherence to national fortification standards.

In Uganda, we saw a marked improvement in compliance to national standards for vegetable oil and wheat flour following implementation of the Pull Strategy as a result of sharing market analysis results and engaging with food producers and parent groups of children with spina bifida.


Fortified Food Vehicle

Pull-1 Results 2018 (% compliant)

Pull-2 Results 2019 (% compliant)

Vegetable oil (vitamin A)



Wheat flour (iron)




Our impact

Smarter Futures is a multi-sector partnership working to advance grain fortification in Africa, and it is under this umbrella that we do most of our work in Africa. Funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, the Smarter Futures steering team members include FFI, Buhler, the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition, Helen Keller International, International Federation for Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus, Muhlenchemie, Nutrition International, and the World Food Program.

Under the Smarter Futures project, FFI leads projects in collaboration with its partners to strengthen flour fortification in Africa with hands-on technical assistance and trainings. Since the program began in 2009, it has expanded global resources for effective fortification implementation, monitoring and advocacy training across countries in East, West, and Southern Africa. Current Smarter Futures funds are working to provide direct technical assistance to 11 countries on the continent with the potential to reach 218 million people by 2021.


Photo: SADC October 2018 regional meeting in Johannesburg, South Africa.

 Specifically, FFI:

  • Collaborates with national leaders to secure buy-in for national grain fortification programs
  • Supports the drafting of national fortification strategies
  • Supports the drafting of national fortification standards that would identify the type and level of nutrients to be added to the wheat flour, maize flour, and/or rice based on current consumption patterns and nutritional needs
  • Supports millers and government inspectors in the scale-up for fortification
  • Supports millers and governments in the design of effective monitoring frameworks for the fortification program
  • Aids in identifying innovative approaches to collecting compliance information where there are current constraints
  • Supports regional bodies such as SADC, ECSA, and ECOWAS to identify regional constraints to fortification and to support the design of regional guidelines and frameworks that can be used to guide national programming, such as the Smarter Futures-supported October 2018 SADC Monitoring Workshop

For more information on the unique data-driven approach that FFI uses to prioritize country assistance and support in Africa, see our 2018 Africa Strategy.








Europe and Central Asia  


South Asia